Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Objective: to assess the acute toxicity of pyrimidine derivative 2-Methyl-3-(2-phenyl-2-oxoethyl)quinazoline-4(3H)-oh. Materials and methods. The study was conducted on 20 non-linear rats (females) weighing from 180 to 200 g 2 months of age. In the experiment, the rats were divided into several groups: the control group received an intragastric equiobjection of distilled water; the experimental group received an intragastric pyrimidine compound at a dose of 2000 mg/kg in the form of a suspension. Observation was carried out for each animal separately: 30 minutes after administration; every 4 hours on the first day; then daily for 14 days. The general condition of the animals, body weight, skin and coat condition, respiratory, cardiovascular and nervous systems were assessed. After removal from the experiment, internal organs were examined in all animals, hematological (total blood count and hemoglobin concentration) and biochemical parameters (total protein, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, urea) were evaluated. The results of the study. With the introduction of pyrimidine derivative 2-Methyl-3-(2-phenyl-2-oxoethyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-oh at a dose of 2000 mg/ kg, there were no changes in the skin and coat, as well as mucous membranes during the entire observation period; there was a decrease in the body weight of animals on the first day by 14 % (p ≤ 0,05); during macroscopic analysis of internal organs (brain, stomach liver, kidneys), there was no increase in their mass, hyperemia and hemorrhages; no changes in hematological and biochemical parameters were observed. Conclusion. Thus, in determining the acute toxicity of pyrimidine derivative 2-Methyl-3-(2-phenyl-2-oxoethyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-oh in the limit test, it was found that the specified compound is slightly toxic and belongs to the 4th class of toxicity. To exclude the presence of organotoxicity of this compound, it is necessary to conduct further detailed studies with prolonged administration of this pyrimidine derivative.

pyrimidine derivatives, acute toxicity, organotoxicity
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